Scientific name Name status Group Source database; Symphytum abchasicum Trautv. the UK, Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, western Russia, Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia, France and Spain) and western Asia (i.e. An ancient herb known since 400 B.C., used by the Greeks to treat bronchial problems, wound healing and mending of broken bones. Comfrey, Common Comfrey, True Comfrey, Quaker Comfrey, Cultivated Comfrey, Boneset, Consound, Healingherb, Knitbone, Slippery-Root Subject. Latin Name: Symphytum officinale Family: Boraginaceae. Copyright © 2016. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. non (Kern.) The Russian comfrey 'Bocking 14' cultivar was developed during the 1950s by Lawrence D Hills, the founder of the Henry Doubleday Research Association (the organic gardening organisation itself named after the Quaker pioneer who first introduced Russian comfrey into Britain in the nineteenth century) following trials at Bocking, near Braintree. Name Synonyms Consolida major Gilib. Weed. Ingredients may be steeped or dissolved in hot water; boiling should be avoided as this may cause the breakdown of allantoin. Comfrey has long been used as a folk remedy for pain, inflammation, and to treat wounds. The tradition in different cultures and languages suggest a common belief in its usefulness for mending bones. There are up to 35 species,[1] known by the common name comfrey (pronounced /ˈkʌmfri/). While machinate is now the first choice for fighting colds and flu among believers in alternative medicine, Americans in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries preferred Indian Sage, now known as comfrey (Symphytum officinale) or bone set. The common name of this herb, comfrey , is adopted from the words con firma, which alludes to the uniting of bones, o healing action which people for several centuries have observed from using this herb. Offsets can also be purchased by mail order from specialist nurseries in order to initially build up a stock of plants.[4]. Also known as: True comfrey. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Scientific Name: Symphytum officinale. Symphytum officinale Taxonomy ID: 278672 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid278672) current name. Comfrey is a photoautotroph. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Symphytum officinale 6X (**contains 0.443 mg of the active ingredient per pellet) Symptoms of bone trauma* Stop use and ask a doctor if symptoms persist for more than 3 days or worsen. vernacular scientific ... Symphytum officinale L. collect. ochroleucum DC., 1846 Symphytum officinale var. Consolida major Gilib. Other English names include Quaker comfrey, cultivated comfrey, boneset, knitbone, consound, and slippery-root. officinale L. : Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) [105], United Kingdom: Symphytum peregrinum: 17691.000: Bibliography. Naturalised in some parts of south-eastern and eastern Australia (i.e. Family : Boraginaceae. names in breadcrumbs. The herb is indigenous to Europe and grows in soggy and lush green areas, especially along the river banks and ditches. Save … synonym for Symphytum grandiflorum DC. For the place, see, Phytochemistry, folk medicine, and toxicity, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Hepatic and pulmonary complications of herbal medicines", "Herbal medicinals: selected clinical considerations focusing on known or potential drug-herb interactions", "FDA/CFSAN – FDA Advises Dietary Supplement Manufacturers to Remove Comfrey Products From the Market", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Symphytum&oldid=967253024, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 July 2020, at 04:24. French name: Consoude officinale Spanish name: consuelda mayor Portuguese name: consolda-maior German name: gewöhnlicher Beinwell Swedish name: äkta vallört . The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. officinale: Plantae: Symphytum … A limited number of clinical trials show short-term efficacy of topically applied, alkaloid-free comfrey preparations in skin abrasions and inflammatory conditions. It has simple, broad leaves. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Scientific Name; SYOFU: Symphytum officinale L. ssp. Forma biologica: H scap (Pianta erbacea perenne, eretta) Periodo di fioritura / Flowering time: Altitudine / Elevation : Zona di rusticità / USDA Hardiness Zone (IT): 7-10 Tipo corologico: Europ.-Cauc. Comfrey (scientific name Symphytum officinale L.) is also known as knitbone or common comfrey and belongs to the Boraginaceae family. Symphytum is a genus of flowering plants in the borage family, Boraginaceae. Accepted scientific name: Symphytum officinale subsp. Scientific names : Common names : Consolida major Garsault [Invalid] Komprey (Tag.) Scientific Name: Symphytum officinale.. Common Names: Blackwort, bruisewort, common comfrey, knitbone, slippery root, boneset, yalluc, gum plant, ass ear.. Distribution and Habitat: Comfrey is a plant indigenous to Europe and temperate parts of Asia.. Genus. Symphytum officinale - common comfrey - is a perennial flowering plant of the genus Symphytum in the family Boraginaceae native to Europe and widely introduced elsewhere, now sometimes a weed. Scientific name : Symphytum officinale. Similarly, the common French name is consoude, meaning to weld together. [8][9] Comfrey should not be used during pregnancy and lactation, in infants, and in people with liver, kidney, or vascular diseases. Herbarium Catalogue (3 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Cope, T.A. ex Steud. No. basal rosette of lower leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of hairy stem showing the narrow wings originating at the base of the leaf blades (Photo: Trevor James), close-up of prominent veins on upper leaf surface (Photo: Sheldon Navie), hairy leaf undersides (Photo: Sheldon Navie), upper leaves and flower clusters (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of flowers (Photo: Trevor James), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), the very similar Russian comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum), without wings on its stems (Photo: Trevor James), Prickly comfrey (Symphytum asperum), the other parent of Russian comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum), with reddish flower buds (Photo: Greg Jordan), Symphytum officinale L. subsp. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Type of plant : Perennial. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. SYMPHYTUM OFFICINALE- comfrey root pellet ... FDA is not aware of scientific evidence to support homeopathy as effective.-----Symphytum officinale 6X. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. Comfrey with its scientific name as Symphytum officinale, is a plant which is mostly grown for an ornamental purposes due to the presence of attractive flowers. [5][6][7], In 2001, the United States Food and Drug Administration issued a ban of comfrey products marketed for internal use, and a warning label for those intended for external use. Symphytum officinale var. To. SYMPHYTUM OFFICINALE- comfrey root pellet ... FDA is not aware of scientific evidence to support homeopathy as effective.----- Symphytum officinale 30C Symphytum officinale 30C (**contains 0.443 mg of the active ingredient per pellet) Symptoms of bone trauma* Stop use and ask a doctor if symptoms persist for more than 3 days or worsen. [5] In modern herbalism, comfrey is most commonly used topically. There are up to 35 species, known by the common name comfrey . officinale, boneset, comfrey, common comfrey, consound, English comfrey, healing herb, knit bone, knitbone, medicinal comfrey, slippery root. The Plant List includes 120 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Symphytum. Accepted: TRO: Symphytum × uplandicum Nyman: Accepted: WCSP (in review) Statistics. It has a self-supporting growth form. [RBG 158], United Kingdom: K000914320: Cope, T.A. Flowers are visited by orange tip. bohemicum (F. W. Schmidt) Celak.. 4 DATA; Symphytum officinale [5][10], Genus of flowering plants in the borage family Boraginaceae, This article is about the genus of plants known as comfrey. Follow. Sub-Family. 0. Some species and hybrids, particularly S. officinale and S. × uplandicum, are used in gardening and herbal medicine. Sub-Genus. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. officinale (accepted name) Synonyms: Consolida major Garsault (synonym) Symphytum album Hort. uliginosum auct. Symphytum asperum prickly comfrey Symphytum officinale common comfrey Symphytum tuberosum tuberous comfrey Symphytum ×uplandicum … Bocking 14 is sterile, and therefore will not set seed (one of its advantages over other cultivars as it will not spread out of control), thus is propagated from root cuttings. Category : Shrubs. Family. The original plant will quickly recover, and each piece can be replanted with the growing points just below the soil surface, and will quickly grow into new plants. Some species and hybrids, particularly S. officinale and S. × uplandicum, are used in gardening and herbal medicine. Also widely naturalised in North America (i.e. Symphytum officinale L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index . Classifications < > Search. Symphytum officinale Accepted Name. Share. Browse Plants by Scientific Name; Browse Plants by Common Name; Browse Plants by Genus; Browse Plants by Family; Browse Plants by USDA Hardiness Zone; Browse Plants by Origin; About Plants & Flowers; Cultivation. Other names over the years have included thorough wort, fever wort, and ague weed. Nyman: SYUL: Symphytum uliginosum auct. Super-Family. officinale: Plantae: Symphytum ambiguum Pau. Prev Next List. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Symphytum officinale belongs to the Flowering Plants group. It is a perennial herb having black roots resembling turnips and bears broad leaves with bristles. synonym for Symphytum officinale subsp. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria. Comfrey contains mixed phytochemicals in varying amounts, including allantoin, mucilage, saponins, tannins, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, inulin, and proteins, among others. (synonym) Symphytum ambiguum Pau. In fact, other nomes for comfrey in folklore are knit bone and boneset. This removes the crown, which can then be split into pieces. RESEARCH The listings of research below represent a compilation of scientific articles found on the species, with … In human studies, it has shown to reduce swelling after ankle injury, reduce knee and back pain, and shorten the time of wound healing. Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. & Wickens: accepted name : Plantae: Symphytum album hort. They are not to be confused with Cynoglossum virginianum, known as wild comfrey, another member of the borage family. The healing constituent is allantoin. Symphytum is a genus of flowering plants in the borage family, Boraginaceae. [5] Liver toxicity is associated with consuming this plant or its extracts. Turkey, southern Russia and Kazakhstan). Scientific name Source Symphytum officinale subsp. Symphytum officinale ssp. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Symphytum . They are not to be confused with Cynoglossum virginianum, known as wild comfrey, another member of the borage family.[2]. All rights reserved. Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria. Phylum. in Victoria and in some coastal and sub-coastal districts of New South Wales). Canada and the USA). Habitat: It is native to Europe and it is known elsewhere, including North America, as an introduced species and sometimes a weed. Native to Europe (i.e. : Page(s): ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Kingdom. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria. Large, pointed, hairy, ovate-lanceolate, dark green basal leaves grow to 8” long. Although not examined in clinical trials, comfrey may possess antifungal and anticancer activity. Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Boraginales > Boraginaceae > Symphytum > Symphytum officinale. [RBG 310], United Kingdom: K000914317: Burtt, B.L. (synonym) Symphytum consolida Gueldenst. Symphytum species Symphytum officinale L. Providers NZFLORA Provider Contribution Summary Biostatus Geo Schema Political Region Geo Region New Zealand Environmental Context Wild Occurrence Present Origin Exotic. Classification. Symphytum officinale : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Journal/Book Name, Vol. The gardener can produce "offsets" from mature, strongly growing plants by driving a spade horizontally through the leaf clumps about 7 cm (2.8 in) below the soil surface. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. Symphytum officinale, commonly called comfrey, is a large, coarse, tuberous-rooted, clumping perennial (to 3’ tall and 2.5’ wide) that is primarily grown today as an ornamental for its attractive foliage and spring flowers. Scientific Name Authority L. Rank species Governing Code ICBN Is Recombination No. Symphytum officinale L. Accepted: TRO: Symphytum popovii Dobrocz. ex Steud. rectiflorum Touss. Plantae: Symphytum aintabicum Hub.-Mor. Order. It has been suggested that its use can be dated back to 400 B.C. General Care; Light Requirements; Potting Soil ; Watering; Fertilizing; Pests & Diseases; Repotting; Propagation; Arranging; Plant Uses. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Folk medicine names for comfrey include knitbone, boneset, and the derivation of its Latin name Symphytum (from the Greek symphis, meaning growing together of bones, and phyton, a plant), referring to its ancient uses. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). First published in Sp. [Invalid] Black root (Engl.) AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id eb059706-b15f-43f3-abf6-c6bd246bfb39 According to NZFLORA … Class. Also sparingly naturalised in the cooler parts of south-eastern Queensland and possibly naturalised in south-western Western Australia. synonym for Symphytum officinale subsp. Family: Boraginaceae. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). It has had various uses, not only as a medicinal herb but also as food and drink. The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland. The Plant List includes a further 1 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Symphytum. Therapeutic use of comfrey is limited because of its toxicity. non Kern. Of these 7 are accepted species names. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Biodiversity Heritage Library cc-by Symphytum officinale (Comfrey) is a species of perennial herb in the family Boraginaceae. Pl. Medical practitioners, herbalists, and homesteaders have …